BIOGEOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN FISH LIVER CASE STUDY: KHORRAMABAD RIVER BASIN, LORESTAN, IRAN

Document Type: Regular Paper

Author

Department of Geology, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan Branch, P.O.Box 98135-978, I. R. of Iran

Abstract

Thirteen environmental elements were distinguished in the livers of various species of fish that
have been sampled from 15 sites in a restricted area of the KhorramAbad River Basin in Lorestan province
(west of Iran). Sites sampled represented agricultural, mining, mixed, and urban/recreation land uses and
background conditions. Lithium and silver were not detected at any of the sites. The minimum concentration
of trace elements in the fish liver of the above mentioned basin belongs to vanadium and the maximum
concentration to iron. Cadmium, selenium, and zinc were selected for a more detailed analysis. Cadmium
concentrations in fish liver were highest at mining land use sites, whereas the selenium and zinc
concentrations were highest at agricultural land use sites in the KhorramAbad River Basin. A comparison of
the study to similar studies in the United States and Iran indicated that the total medium frequency of fish
samples for cadmium, selenium and zinc in the KhorramAbad unit was higher than the analyzed fish samples of the Upper Colorado River Basin and Southern beaches of the Caspian Sea study basins.

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