EFFECT OF SUBSTANCE-P ON GALACTOPOIETICS HORMONES SECRETIONS AND MILK PRODUCTION AND COMPOSITIONS

Document Type: Regular Paper

Author

Dept. of Biology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, I. R. of Iran

Abstract

It has been well established that the secretions of thyroid hormones and growth hormone (GH) is
under the regulation of different neurotransmitters. The goal of this study was to determine whether
substance-P, as a neurotransmitter, regulates the mean plasma concentrations of thyroxin (T4),
triiodothyronine (T3), GH, milk amount and constituents in Sanan goats. Nine Sanan goats were randomly
divided into 3 groups. Each group received a daily infusion of either 1, 2 or 4 Ug substance-P for 7 days into
the third ventricle. Blood samples were collected daily for 11 days, and assayed for plasma T3, T4 and GH
concentrations by double-antibody RIA. Milk samples were collected daily for each of the 11 days. Milk
samples were assayed for protein, fat and lactose constituents. The daily amount of milk was determined
throughout the experiment. Infusions of 1 and 2 Ug substance-P did not change the plasma concentrations of the T3, T4 and GH throughout the experiment. Infusions of 4 Ug substance-P significantly (P<0.01) increased the plasma concentrations of the T3, T4 and GH among all the animals, however, different dosages of substance-P did not change the amount, the protein, fat and lactose constituents of milk among all the animals in the different groups. The result of this experiment indicated that substance-P may increase the mean plasma concentrations of GH, T3, and T4 in Sanan goats.

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