STUDY OF PHENOLIC CONSTITUENTS OF TRITICUM L. (POACEAE) SPECIES IN IRAN

Document Type: Regular Paper

Authors

1 Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, University of Shahrekord, P. O. Box: 115, Shahrekord, I. R. of Iran

2 Department of Botany, Faculty of Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, I. R. of Iran

Abstract

This recent study documents the phenolic constituents of the Triticum L. species in Iran using thin
layer chromatography. Species studied are related to 55 wild and cultivated accessions of four diploid and
four tetraploid species, namely Triticum boeoticum subsp. boeoticum Boiss., T. boeoticum subsp. thaoudar
Reut. ex Boiss., T. monococcum L., T. urartu Tum. ex Gand., T. turgidum L., T. dicoccoides (Korn. ex
Ascher. et Graebn.) Thell., T. dicoccum (Schrank.) Schubl. and T. durum Desf. collected from natural habitats
and analyzed for their flavonoid compounds. The current study found that of a total of 20 flavonoid
compounds, most of the derivatives were flavones, chalcones, and the others were mainly pseudobaptisin,
sciadopitysin, baptigenin and fustin-3-O-glucoside. The basis of variation in these compounds was shown to
be usable as an appropriate marker for chemotaxonomic studies.

Keywords