SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901SOME SPECTRAL PROPERTIES OF STURM-LIOUVILLE PROBLEM WITH TRANSMISSION CONDITIONS229245279910.22099/ijsts.2005.2799ENM. KADAKALOndokuz Mayis University, Science and Arts Faculty, Department of Mathematics
55139 Kurupelit, Samsun, TurkeyO. SH. MUKHTAROVGaziosmanpasa University, Science and Arts Faculty, Department of Mathematics
60000-Tokat-TurkeyF. S. MUHTAROVAzerbaijan Science Academy, Mathematics and Mechanic
Institute, Baku-AzerbaijanJournal Article20040207We investigate the boundary-value problem generated by the Sturm-Liouville equation with<br />discontinuous coefficients, eigenparameter dependent boundary conditions and transmission conditions<br />at the point of discontinuity. With a different approach we introduce an adequate Hilbert space<br />formulation, investigate some properties of eigenvalues, Green’s function and resolvent operator, and<br />find simple conditions on the coefficients which guarantee the self-adjointness of the considered<br />problem.SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901NUMERICAL EVALUATION OF THREE-STEP SELECTIVE PHOTO-IONIZATION OF GD157 AND GD155 ISOTOPES247257280010.22099/ijsts.2005.2800ENM. H. MAHDIEHDepartment of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology,
Narmak, Tehran, I. R. of IranF. MARSUSIDepartment of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology,
Narmak, Tehran, I. R. of IranJournal Article20030718A three-step selective photo-ionization for Gd155 and Gd157 isotopes by pulsed laser was<br />evaluated numerically. Due to large thermal neutron absorption cross sections, these two isotopes in<br />natural gadolinium are good candidates as burnable poison to control reactivity early in the fuel cycle<br />and allow extended fuel burn up. Rate equations have been used to calculate the dynamics of the isotope<br />populations, ionization rate, and selection factor. Doppler broadening, as well as power broadening for<br />atomic energy levels, has been considered in the calculations. The effects of laser intensity, frequency<br />bandwidth, and laser detuning in the ionization process have also been assessed. By applying a variety of<br />conditions, the sensitivity of different parameters in the ionization process was investigated. The results<br />show that the ionization yield increases with the intensities of lasers, and becomes saturated at some<br />specific values. Depending on the energy bandwidth of each state, laser bandwidth and the detuning of<br />lasers greater than particular values can affect the ionization yield. Due to small and finite isotope shifts<br />of energy states, the selection factor can be influenced by detuning and laser bandwidth. From the<br />results, it can be inferred that for Gd155 and Gd157 isotopes, ionization is more sensitive to the first and<br />second laser bandwidth and detuning. From these results, optimum selection factors and ionization by<br />using appropriate laser intensities, bandwidth, and detuning can be achieved.SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901DISTRIBUTION FUNCTIONS IN LIGHT OF THE UNCERTAINTY PRINCIPLE259269280110.22099/ijsts.2005.2801ENS. NASIRIDepartment of Physics, Zanjan University, Zanjan, I. R. of Iran
and Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, IASBS, Zanjan, I. R. of IranJournal Article20040523Here, we have considered the Husimi and Wigner distribution functions. We have, in<br />particular, shown how the uncertainty principle works for the two cases of simple and damped harmonic<br />oscillators when either of these two distributions are used. The conclusion shows that the Husimi<br />distribution function remains non-negative through the phase space but it does not always satisfies the<br />uncertainty principle. On the other hand the Wigner distribution function while becoming negative in<br />certain regions of the phase space do not violate the uncertainty principle.SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901A NEW DIGITAL PROTECTIVE RELAY BASED ON FUZZY LOGIC AND VALUE ESTIMATION267276280210.22099/ijsts.2005.2802ENK. ERENTURKDept. of Electrical Eng., Faculty of Engineering, Ataturk University, 25240, Erzurum, TurkeyJournal Article20031214In this paper, design and application of a new digital protective relay based on fuzzy logic<br />and value estimation to a radial power system protection was presented. A novel approach based on<br />value estimation was investigated for the proposed fuzzy logic based protective relay. In addition to the<br />theoretical aspect of fuzzy logic, mathematical definition of value estimation, detection and<br />measurement of faulty current, determination of its duration, decision mechanism and detailed system<br />architecture were also introduced. The examined technique based on fuzzy logic and value estimation to<br />control the protection action of the protective relay was intended to improve the performance of a<br />conventional protective relay control for human safety and system reliability with the use of a fuzzy<br />logic controller. The difference between estimated and sampled values was used to form the rule base.<br />Proposed relay architecture was used as a detector and was developed to predict faults and to protect<br />particular sections of a designed prototype radial power system at an early stage. Performance analysis<br />was made, and related results and discussion were given.SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901KAON ELECTROPRODUCTION OFF PROTON277285280310.22099/ijsts.2005.2803ENN. GHAHRAMANYDepartment of Physics, Shiraz University, Shiraz, I. R. of Iran, 71454M. GHANAATIANDepartment of Physics, Shiraz University, Shiraz, I. R. of Iran, 71454Journal Article20031026The elementary reaction of kaon exclusive electroproduction on protons has been studied in<br />a broad kinematical range. Data for the calculation of the form factor of the kaon have been taken at<br />different values of the invariant center of mass energy W in the range W=1.8, 1.85, 1.98, 2.08 (GeV), for<br />one value of the transferred 4-momentum Q2=2.35 (GeV/c)2. In this analysis, we calculated σL and σT by<br />using the Rosenbluth separation. Then the electromagnetic kaon form factor was calculated by Chew-<br />Low extrapolation.SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901AN INFLUENCE APPROACH FOR SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF NON-RANDOM DROPOUT BASED ON THE COVARIANCE STRUCTURE287294280410.22099/ijsts.2005.2804ENM. GANJALIDept. of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences,
Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, I. R. of IranM. REZAEIDept. of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences,
Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, I. R. of IranJournal Article20031105A generalized Heckman model is used for the joint modeling of longitudinal continuous<br />responses and dropout in order to see the influence of a small perturbation of the elements of the<br />covariance structure on displacement of the likelihood. The perturbation from random dropout in the<br />direction of informative dropout is considered for Mastitis data.SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901EXISTENCE RESULTS FOR A CLASS OF SEMILINEAR ELLIPTIC BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS296304280510.22099/ijsts.2005.2805ENG. A. AFROUZIDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Basic Sciences
Mazandaran University, Babolsar, I. R. of IranM. JAFARIDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Basic Sciences
Mazandaran University, Babolsar, I. R. of IranJournal Article20030412We consider the semilinear elliptic boundary value problem<br /> <br />= ∈∂Ω<br />− Δ = ∈Ω<br />u x x<br />u x f u x x<br />( ) 0;<br />( ) λ ( ( ));<br />where λ > 0 is a parameter, Ω is a bounded region in RN with a smooth boundary, and f is a<br />smooth function. We prove, under some additional conditions, the existence of a positive solution for λ<br />large. We prove that our solution u for λ large is such that = →∞<br />∈Ω<br />|| u ||: sup| u(x) |<br />x<br />as λ →∞.<br />Also, in the case of N = 1, we use a bifurcation theory to show that the solution is unstable.SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901APPLICATION OF FUZZY LOGIC TO A LEAKAGE CURRENT RELAY305317280610.22099/ijsts.2005.2806ENK. ERENTURKDept. of Electronic Eng., Engineering Faculty, Ataturk University, 25240, Erzurum, TurkeyJournal Article20031214The design and application of a fuzzy logic based controller to a leakage current relay was<br />presented in this paper. A novel approach based on fuzzy logic to form the tripping action of leakage<br />current relay was investigated. In addition to the theoretical aspect of fuzzy logic, detection of a leakage<br />current, measurement of the leakage current, determination of its duration, trip opening of faulty cases<br />and detailed system architecture were also introduced. The inspected fuzzy logic technique to control the<br />tripping action of the leakage current relay was intended to improve the performance of conventional<br />leakage current relay control for human safety and system reliability. The relationship between the<br />controlled output of the fuzzy processor and properties of leakage current for the proposed relay was<br />explored by using a graphical output expression. It was observed that the proposed leakage current relay<br />based on fuzzy logic was more reliable than conventional leakage current relay.SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901THE COHERENT ANOMALY METHOD IN THE STUDYING OF THE S=1 ISING CHAINS WITH LONG-RANGE INTERACTION319323280710.22099/ijsts.2005.2807ENA. RAMAZANIDepartment of Physics, Kashan University, Kashan, I. R. of IranJournal Article20030727The coherent anomaly method and a cluster mean-field approach combined with finite-size<br />scaling extrapolation were used to determine the critical temperature and the critical exponents of a<br />S =1 Ising chain with a long-range interaction in the form of 1/ r1+σ . The results of critical<br />temperature are in good agreement with the recent results of the finite-range scaling method and are<br />more accurate in the classical region. The critical exponents are in agreement with the results of spin-<br />2<br />1<br />Ising chains and indicate that the critical exponents are independent of the magnitude of spin in Ising<br />models with long-range interactions.SpringerIranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)1028-627629220050901A STUDY ON TIME-LIKE COMPLEMENTARY RULED SURFACES IN THE MINKOWSKI n-SPACE325333280810.22099/ijsts.2005.2808ENM. TOSUNDepartment of Mathematics, Sakarya University, Sakarya, TurkeyM. A. GUNGORDepartment of Mathematics, Sakarya University, Sakarya, TurkeyJournal Article20030819For the first time in the Minkowski space, an Rn 1 time-like complementary ruled surface is<br />described and relations are given connected with an asymptotic and tangential bundle of the time-like<br />complementary ruled surface. Furthermore, theorems are given related to edge space, central space and<br />central ruled surface of this complementary ruled surface.