Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Fractional lie series and transforms as canonical mappings
Dr. Abd ElSalam
199
210
EN
F. A.
Abd ElSalam
f.a.abdelsalam@gmail.com
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1595
Using the RiemannLiouville fractional differintegral operator, the Lie theory is reformulated. The fractional Poisson bracket over the fractional phase space as 3N state vector is defined to be the fractional Lie derivative. Its properties are outlined and proved. A theorem for the canonicity of the transformation using the exponential operator is proved. The conservation of its generator is proved in a corollary. A Theorem for the inverse fractional canonical mapping is proved. The composite mappings of two successive transformations is defined. The fractional Lie operator and its properties are introduced. Some useful lemmas on this operator are proved. Lie transform depending on a parameter over the fractional phase space is presented and its relations are proved. Two theorems that proved the transformation = EW Z is completely canonical and is a solution of the Hamiltonian system (30) are given. Recurrence relations are obtained.
Lie series and transform,fractional Poisson bracket,Hamiltonian systems
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1595.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1595_81bd26c3967e9204c061abdfa89f08a1.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
A stochastic perspective to random ship heave
motion based on different noises
211
217
EN
R.
Farnoosh
Iran University of Science and Technology
rfarnoosh@iust.ac.ir
P.
Nabati
Urmia University of Technology, Urmia, Iran
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1596
The stochastic models for ship heave motion in irregular sea waves based on white and colored noises are examined. For this purpose the deterministic model transfers to stochastic models by adding different noise terms in force and then these models are solved analytically and numerically. Finally an investigation is undertaken to examine the parameter estimation problem of second order stochastic differential equations when some of the measurements are unavailable or missing data. Several simulation results are presented to illustrate the performance of the estimators.
Colored noise,least square estimation,ship heave motion,stochastic differential equations,white
noise
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1596.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1596_86807fca2b8e79ad581519d65795e2a9.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Water wave scattering by a surface discontinuity
over a uniform porous bottom
219
225
EN
R.
Maiti
Adamas Institute of Technology, Barasat, Kolkata, India, 700126
S.
Gangopadhyay
Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Calcutta, 92, A.P.C Road, Kolkata India, 700009
U.
Basu
University of Calcutta
umabasu49@gmail.com
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1597
Scattering of an incoming wave train by a discontinuity at the upper surface of the ocean over a uniform porous bottom of finite depth is considered here in the framework of linearized water wave theory. By employing residue calculus method, the reflection and transmission coefficient are obtained. These coefficients are computed numerically for different values of the porosity parameter G and these results are displayed in a number of Figs.
Wave scattering,surface discontinuity,porous bottom,energy identity,residue calculus method,reflection and transmission coefficient
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1597.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1597_1ba86149e7cb9046524d3dbfbc4e5026.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
On the structure and properties of lower bounded analytic frames
227
230
EN
H.
Hosseini Giv
1Center for Linear Algebra and Optimization, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
M.
Radjabalipour
Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman
radjabalipour@ias.ac.ir
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1598
Algebraic frames are generalizations of Fourier transforms on locally compact abelian groups in the sense that the
family of vectors forming the frame are replaced by a family of unbounded linear functionals. The paper studies
the indexing measure space of the algebraic frames; as the investigation narrows down to the class of lower semiframes,
more relations are revealed between the discreteness and the redundancy of the frame family.
Analysis operator,generalized frame,lower semiframe,redundancy,discreteness,algebraic frames
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1598.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1598_0e761b5aa271cf205b23077e8d388fe9.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Legendre curves in 3dimensional Heisenberg group
231
236
EN
S.
Tul
Ondokuz Mayıs
University
A.
Sarioglugil
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Ondokuz Mayıs
University, 55139, Kurupelit, Samsun, Turkey
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1600
In this study, we focused on  Legendre curves and non  Legendre curves in 3dimensional Heisenberg group . Also, we gave some characterizations of these curves.
Heisenberg group,Sasakian manifold,Legendre curve
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1600.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1600_ad7ebb01f8f3ab17e119343c4c55771a.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
A study of fuzzy soft interior ideals of ordered semigroups
237
249
EN
A.
Khan
Abdul Wali Khan University
N. H.
Sarmin
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science,
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
F. M.
Khan
Department of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science,
Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
B.
Davvaz
Department of Mathematics, Yazd University Yazd, Iran
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1601
In this paper, we present the concepts of a fuzzy soft left (right) ideal and fuzzy soft interior ideal over an ordered
semigroup
S
. Some basic results of fuzzy soft left (right) ideals and fuzzy soft interior ideals are investigated and
the supported examples are provided. Different classes, regular, intraregular, and simple ordered semigroups are
characterized by means of fuzzy soft left (right) ideals and fuzzy soft interior ideals. It is shown that an ordered
semigroup is simple if and only if it is fuzzy soft simple. Furthermore, left (right) regular and intraregular ordered
semigroups are characterized by means of fuzzy soft left (right) ideals and fuzzy soft ideals.
Ordered semigroups,regular (left, right and completely regular) ordered semigroups,fuzzy left (right)
ideals,fuzzy interior ideals,soft left (right) ideals,soft interior ideals,fuzzy soft left (right) ideals,fuzzy soft
interior ideals
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1601.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1601_37b7229160995de26d9f078832ada5a0.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Ideal theory in semihyperrings
251
263
EN
S.
OstadhadiDehkordi
Department of Mathematics, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
B.
Davvaz
Department of Mathematics, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1602
The concept of
semihyperring is a generalization of semiring, a generalization of semihyperring and a
generalization of
semiring. Since the theory of ideals plays an important role in the theory of

semihyperring, in this paper, we will make an intensive study of the notions of Noetherian, Artinian, simple and
regular
semihyperrings. The bulk of this paper is devoted to stating and proving analogues to several theorems
in the theory of
semihyperrings.
Semihyperring,Γsemihyperring,Γhyperring,simple Γsemihyperring,regular Γhyperring
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1602.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1602_3ffa866410f4767ad7570a357da3075a.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Hemirings characterized by the properties
of their , k q fuzzy ideals
265
275
EN
T.
Mahmood
International Islamic University
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1603
In this paper we define
( , ) k q fuzzy h sub hemirings, ( , ) k q fuzzy h ideals, ( , ) k q

fuzzy
h biideals and ( , ) k q fuzzy h quasiideals. We characterize h hemiregular and h
intrahemiregular
hemirings by the properties of their
( , ) k q fuzzy h ideals, ( , ) k q fuzzy h
biideals
and
( , ) k q fuzzy h
quasiideals.
( , ) k q fuzzy h sub hemirings,( , ) k q fuzzy h ideals,( , ) k q fuzzy h biideals,( , ) k q fuzzy h quasiideals,h hemiregular hemirings,h intrahemiregular hemirings
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1603.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1603_8d734e247f48837eb06de82c96d4f12a.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
4Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (DBSA): an efficient, ecofriendly and
chemoselective catalyst for the synthesis of 1, 1 diacetates under
solventfree conditions at room temperature
277
284
EN
E.
Esmaeilpour
Chemistry Department, College of Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454, Iran
A. Z.
Sardarian
Shiraz University
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1604
4Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (DBSA) has been shown to be an efficient, mild, green, stable and chemoselective Brønsted acid catalyst for the synthesis of 1, 1diacetates (acylals) of aldehydes under solventfree conditions. The mild condition, ecofriendly, excellent yields, short reaction times and using an easily available, inexpensive and reusable catalyst are important features of this method.
4Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid,Solventfree,Chemoselective,1,1Diacetates,Aldehydes,Acetic anhydride
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1604.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1604_0d28dd1172c9cf7951f89cbc4091c954.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Dissipative dust acoustic solitary waves in an electron
depleted dusty plasma with superthermal ions
285
291
EN
M.
Shahmansouri
Arak University
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1605
Dust acoustic (DA) solitary waves are investigated in an unmagnetized dusty plasma comprising of fluid warm
dust particles and kappa distributed ions. We assume the electron number density to be sufficiently depleted in this
fluid model, i.e.,
ne nd . We consider the usual ad hoc damping term, involving the damping rate
due to
the dust–neutral collisions; and derived the modified dispersion relation of DA waves. It is found that there is a
critical wave number, which should have
k kcrit
, otherwise overdamping occurs. The critical value of the wave
number increases with
, while it decreases with
. Also, a modified KortewegdeVries (mKdV) equation was
derived for description of DA solitary wave. We found that the amplitude, width and velocity of DA solitary
waves are modified in the presence of damping term. As the amplitude and velocity of solitary DA wave decreases
with
, the width of soliton spreads. Also, it is found that the polarity of soliton changes from positive to negative
at special value of
.
Dust acoustic wave,Nonlinear wave,Kappa distribution,Standard reductive perturbation method
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1605.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1605_5f1132e6ce2cb4c75096e3ab2024134e.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Influence of thickness and temperature on
the properties of Cu2S thin films
293
300
EN
M.
Ramya
Department of Physics, Sri Shakthi Institute of Eng. & Tech., Coimbatore 641 062, Tamil Nadu, India
S.
Ganesan
Department of Physics, Government College of Technology, Coimbatore 641 013, Tamil Nadu, India
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1606
Copper Sulphide (Cu
2
S) thin films at different thicknesses and annealing temperatures were deposited onto glass
substrate by vacuum evaporation method. XRD study reveals the phase transformation of Cu
2
S film at higher
thickness. Optical and resistivity study show the phase transformation of the film from Cu
2
S to CuS when they are
annealed at higher temperature. SEM study exhibits the disappearance of large size particles of annealed film.
Stability of the film is controlled when the films are prepared at higher thickness. Optical band gap and activation
energy for different thickness and various annealing temperatures of Cu
2
S thin film were calculated and the values
are reported. Photocurrent enhances with film thickness and heat treatment.
Vacuum evaporation,annealing temperature,phase transformation,optical properties,resistivity
properties and photocurrent
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1606.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1606_1372f95923d9be957d7484504b361e19.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Floristic study of Dalab woodlands, northeast
of Ilam province, west Iran
301
308
EN
M.
Heydari
Guilan
H.
Poorbabaei
Dept. of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Someasara
K.
Hatami
Ilam natural Resources Office
A.
Salehi
Dept. of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Guilan, Someasara
M.
Begim Faghir
Dept. of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Guilan
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1607
The present survey deals with the floristic study of Dalab Woodlands, located in Manesht and Ghelarang protected area, western Iran. It covers an area of 4335 ha. In total, 224 vascular plant species belonging to 46 families and 156 genera were identified. The largest families are Asteraceae (29 species), Fabaceae (23 species), Poaceae (22 species), and Apiaceae (18 species). Astragalus (13 species), Centaurea (9 species), Onosma (6 species), Bromus (5 species) and Amygdalus (3 species) are the most diverse genera of the region. The life form spectrum includes: hemichryptophytes (36.6 %), therophytes (33 %), cryptophytes (13.8 %), chamaephytes (8.9 %) and phanerophytes (7.6 %). From the chorological point of view, the largest proportion of the flora belongs to the IranoTuranian (68.7 %) elements. About 22.32 % of the Dalab Woodlands species are endemic to Iran and six rare species including Alrawia bellii, Arum giganteum, Cousinia cylindracea, Echinops kotschyi, Thymbra spicata and Zeugandra iranica are also identified in this region.
Flora,plant species,life form,Dalab woodlands,Ilam
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1607.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1607_a55e00673e2e2779c4cd8ffd513a81d3.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Insitu Synthesis of Oxovanadium(IV) complexes with ligands
derived by condensation of Benzil with Amino acids
309
312
EN
P.
Bora
Deemed University
H. S.
Yadav
Department of Chemistry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science & Technology,
Deemed University, Nirjuli791109, Arunachal Pradesh, India
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1608
The insitu method of synthesis has been used to isolate oxovanadium(IV) complexes with ligands derived by reaction of benzil with amino acids such as glycine, alanine, serine, cysteine and valine, where template effect of VO +2 cation appears to play an important role. The complexes are characterised by elemental analysis, magnetic moment measurements and spectral (infrared, electronic and electron spin resonance) data. The oxovanadium (IV) complexes are five coordinate, having tetradentate ligand derived from benzil being precursor molecule. The antifungal activities of isolated vanadyl complexes are tested against the fungi Aspergillus flavus and Candida glaberata.
Oxovanadium(IV),benzyl,aminoacid,template effect
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1608.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1608_ad77b3e09ff3326328bff578302dab3c.pdf
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
10286276
37
3
2013
08
12
Study of the Thermally Stimulated Depolarization Current (TSDC)
for composites of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Rubber
(NBR) loaded with HAF
313
318
EN
M.
Amin
Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
G. M.
Nasr
Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
K. M.
ElShokrofy
Basic Engineering Science Department, Faculty of Engineering, Menofia University, Shebin ElKom, Egypt
Sh. A.
Mansour
Cairo University
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1609
The thermally stimulated discharge (TSDC) current is studied for acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) loaded
with different high abrasion furnace carbon black (HAF). TSDC peak appears only for higher HAF contents >
60phr (70 and 80phr of HAF contents), the TSDC spectra consist of a sharp peak corresponding to a peak
temperature
Tm
which is slightly shifted to higher temperature for 70phr loaded NBR samples and to lower
temperature for 80phr loaded NBR sample, with poling field (10V/cm to 50V/cm). The activation energy
U
and
relaxation time
for TSDC peak were calculated using the initial rise method. The calculated values of U
are
nearly constant for sample 70phr and slightly increase for sample 80phr with increasing poling field
Ep
. The
calculated values of
at peak temperature Tm
are nearly constant for two samples (70phr & 80phr) with different
poling field, whereas the calculated values of relaxation time
at To
= 300K increased with increase of poling
field.
Conductive elastomers TSDC,acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (NBR),HAF
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1609.html
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1609_81b3be48f784ea14fb8bfb16fe51bf02.pdf