eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
1
9
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1529
1529
In vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of some Lamiaceae species
Sevil Albayrak
salbayrak@erciyes.edu.tr
1
Ahmet Aksoy
sevilalba@gmail.com
2
Songul Albayrak
3
Osman Sagdic
osagdic@yildiz.edu.tr
4
Department of Biology, Science Faculty, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri,Turkey
Department of Biology, Science Faculty, Erciyes University, 38039 Kayseri,Turkey
Ulubey Vocational College, Ordu University, 52850 Ordu, Turkey
Department of Food Engineering, Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Faculty, Yıldız Teknik University, 34210 İstanbul, Turkey
The methanolic extracts, infusions, decoctions and hydrosols of six plants were investigated for their total <br />phenolic contents, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities: <br /><em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman,Italic; font-size: xx-small;"><em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman,Italic; font-size: xx-small;">Mentha piperita </span></em></span></em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">(Peppermint), </span></span><em></em> <br /><em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman,Italic; font-size: xx-small;">Thymus vulgaris</span></em> <br /> <br />(thyme), <br /><em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman,Italic; font-size: xx-small;"><em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman,Italic; font-size: xx-small;">Melissa officinalis </span></em></span></em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">(lemon balm), </span></span><em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman,Italic; font-size: xx-small;"><em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman,Italic; font-size: xx-small;">Ocimum basilicum </span></em></span></em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">(basil), </span></span><em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman,Italic; font-size: xx-small;"><em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman,Italic; font-size: xx-small;">Rosmarinus officinalis </span></em></span></em> <br /><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">(rosemary) and</span> <br /> <br /> <br />Salvia officinalis <br /> <br /> <br /><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">(sage) (Lamiaceae). Total phenolic contents were determined by Folin-Ciocalteu procedure and</span> <br />ranged from 111.03 ± 0.6 (sage methanolic extract) to 19.07 ± 0.0 mg (basil methanolic extract) gallic acid <br /> <br />equivalent /g extract. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by two methods, DPPH and phosphomolybdenum <br /> <br />assays. The decoction of rosemary showed the highest DPPH radical scavenging activity (IC <br /> <br /><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">50 </span></span> <br /><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">= 8.36 μg/mL). The</span> <br />methanolic extract of Peppermint showed the highest total antioxidant activity (241.85 ± 1.9 mg ascorbic acid <br /> <br />equivalent /g extract) measured by phosphomolybdenum assay. The antimicrobial activities of herbs were tested <br />against eight bacteria and two yeasts. <br /> <br />
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1529_a25cd2f632d65a8d4ad1771673b16d92.pdf
antimicrobial activity
antioxidant activity
DPPH
Lamiaceae
phenolics
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
11
22
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1530
1530
Hydrothermal garnet in porphyry copper related skarn deposits, Ali-Abad, Yazd Province, Iran
B. Taghipour
taghipour@shirazu.ac.ir
1
F. Moore
2
M. A. Mackizadeh
3
S. Taghipour
4
Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
The Ali-Abad porphyry copper deposit is located in the Central Iranian magmatic belt. As a result of subduction <br />magmatism, Oligo-Miocene leucogranitoid rocks have intruded into conglomerates of lower Cretaceous age. Due <br />to contact metamorphism the following mineral assemblage has occurred in the altered conglomerate: Garnet <br />(andradite-grossular) + epidote+ quartz + calcite + pyrite Skarnification have only occurred in reactive carbonate <br />clasts of the conglomerates. Chemical composition of garnets and classic discrimination scheme imply the <br />porphyry copper related skarn-type mineralization. Garnets are characterized by abrupt chemical zoning area and <br />thin bands. REE pattern of skarn garnet and host granite have similar trends, so it is concluded that garnets are <br />hydrothermal in origin. The garnet mineralization episode occurred during skarnification, giving hydrothermal <br />fluid temperatures of 422-472 ºC, likely this episode corresponds to the fluid boiling and high <br /><em><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;"><em><span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: xx-small;">f</span></em></span></em><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">O</span></span><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;"><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">2 </span></span><br /><span style="font-family: TimesNewRoman; font-size: xx-small;">of garnet</span> <br />forming processes in the skarn system. Probably, the temporal decrease of hydrothermal fluid pressure led to rapid <br /> <br />growths of andradite zones i.e., extensive hydrofracturing, porosity of conglomerate could be the dominant <br /> <br />conditions which led to boiling of hydrothermal fluids and precipitation of andradite garnet. <br /> <br />
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1530_c63e0484a7f0f676d7f3bec8461ee45b.pdf
Garnet
skarn
copper deposit
hydrothermal fluids
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
23
28
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1531
1531
Solution of time fractional diffusion equations using a semi-discrete scheme and collocation method based on Chebyshev polynomials
H. Azizi
1
B. Loghmani
loghmani@yazduni.ac.ir
2
Department of Mathematics, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
Department of Mathematics, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
In this paper, a new numerical method for solving time-fractional diffusion equations is introduced. For this <br />purpose, finite difference scheme for discretization in time and Chebyshev collocation method is applied. Also, to <br />simplify application of the method, the matrix form of the suggested method is obtained. Illustrative examples <br />show that the proposed method is very efficient and accurate.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1531_166076673de2c96ebd7408cc881964b4.pdf
Time fractional diffusion equation
finite difference
collocation
Chebyshev polynomials
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
29
34
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1534
1534
Calculation of exposure buildup factors for point isotropic gamma ray sources in stratified spherical shields of water surrounded by lead and optimization of water-lead combination
A. Shirani
shirani@cc.iut.ac.ir
1
M. H Alamatsaz
2
Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) P.O. Box: 84156-83111, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) P.O. Box: 84156-83111, Isfahan, Iran
Exposure buildup factors have been calculated by Monte Carlo method for point isotropic gamma ray sources, <br />penetrating a two-layer spherical shield of water surrounded by lead, and the effect of bremsstrahlung radiation on <br />buildup factors has, in particular, been investigated, the results of which are in good agreement with previous <br />works. The buildup factors were then calculated for various combinations of water and lead layers at some gamma <br />ray energy points in the range from 0.04 MeV to 10 MeV and for shield thicknesses from 1 to 10 mean free paths <br />(mfp). From the results obtained, one can select the proper (or optimum) water and lead combination which results <br />in minimum value of buildup factor for a two-layer water-lead shield of a given thickness (in mfp) at each energy <br />point. Here the optimization analysis has been performed for a shield of 10 mfp thick at gamma ray energies from <br />0.04 MeV to 10 MeV.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1534_0efba051d402694fa071892d688e992b.pdf
Stratified shields
Monte Carlo simulation
buildup factors
bremsstrahlung radiation
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
35
43
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1535
1535
Simultaneous control of linear systems by Genetic Algorithms in state and output feedback
F. Saadatjoo
1
V. Derhami
2
S. M. Karbassi
3
Department of Computer Engineering, Institute for Higher Education of ACECR, Yazd, Iran
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
Department of mathematics, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
In this paper, Genetic Algorithms (GAs) are employed to control simultaneous linear systems in both state and <br />output feedback. First, the similarity transformation is applied to obtain parameterized controllers. This requires <br />solution of a system of equations and also some non-linear inequalities. GAs are used to solve these equations and <br />inequalities. Therefore, the paper presents an analytical method for finding parameterized controllers and employs <br />a numerical method to enhance the solution. Three numerical examples are presented to illustrate the effectiveness <br />of the method and to compare the results with previous results.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1535_069b44987586d009558ec13e90ebff2b.pdf
Linear Systems
Genetic Algorithms
simultaneous control
Optimization
eigenvalue assignment
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
45
52
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1536
1536
A study on Chironomid larvae (Insecta- Diptera) of
Golpayegan River (Isfahan-Iran) at generic level
M. Ebrahimnezhad
1
E. Allahbakhshi
eallahbakhshi@yahoo.com
2
Department of Biology, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Biology, Izeh branch, Islamic Azad University, Izeh, Iran
Little is known about Chironomidae in Iran. This article is the second one on chironomid larval identification in
running waters of Iran. Samples were collected from five sites in the Golpayegan River, (Isfahan-Iran), about 55
km along the river course. The sampling was done four times: February and November 2003, May and July 2004.
Samples were hand sorted in the laboratory and the larvae identified at generic level, using available identification
keys. Thirty five genera were identified in four subfamilies, including Chironominae (15 genera), Orthocladinae
(13 genera), Tanypodinae (5 genera) and Diamesinae (2 genera). 17 genera of these are reported from the
Golpayegan River for the first time.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1536_a2be4033291074fed7aea0aeb2be6283.pdf
Chironomidae
chironomid genera
Golpayegan River
Iran
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
53
62
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1537
1537
Chebyshev cardinal functions: An effective tool for solving nonlinear Volterra and Fredholm integro-differential equations of fractional order
S. Irandoust-pakchin
1
H. Kheiri
h-kheiri@tabrizu.ac.ir
2
S. Abdi-mazraeh
3
Department of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Department of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
A computational method for numerical solution of a nonlinear Volterra and Fredholm integro-differential<br />equations of fractional order based on Chebyshev cardinal functions is introduced. The Chebyshev cardinal<br />operational matrix of fractional derivative is derived and used to transform the main equation to a system of<br />algebraic equations. Some examples are included to demonstrate the validity and applicability of the technique.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1537_0d94383cb154095966e774a0c20d4391.pdf
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
63
68
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1538
1538
The response of anther and pollen development, pollen cellular material release and pollen proteins to air pollution in Petunia hybrida Juss. (Solanaceae)
F. Rezanejad
frezanejad@uk.ac.ir
1
Department of Biology, Shahid Bahounar University, Kerman, Iran
The study aimed to investigate the microsporogenesis, tapetum and pollen development in Petunia hybrida Juss.<br />under control and air pollution condition. The connective shows a well-developed placentoid, giving the<br />sporogenous tissue a crescent-shape. The sporogenous tissue of each of the four anther locules is surrounded by<br />dimorphic tapetum. The outer (towards the epidermis) and inner (towards the connective) tapetal layers differ in<br />shape, staining intensity and degree of vacuolization. During microsporogenesis and pollen maturation, the<br />tapetum undergoes several changes and ultimately degenerates after pollen mitosis. The tapetum is the secretory<br />type. Microsporogenesis with simultaneous cytokinesis forms tetrahedral tetrads of microspores. Mature pollen<br />grains are prolate, tricolporate/tricolporoidate with furrows disposed along the polar axis and three lowly<br />developed pores with striate-reticulate sculpture. Under air pollution, microsporogenesis was normal till tetrad<br />stage. After this stage, some tetrahedral tetrads were still present and some pollen grains were irregular shaped,<br />shrunk and fragile. Some tapetal cells were smaller and the number of their nuclei was less compared to those of<br />the control. Cellular material release was higher in polluted pollen. SDS-PAGE pattern in polluted pollen did not<br />show significant difference compared to the control.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1538_d6b09182523df059f96601f90a588c63.pdf
Airborne particulate material (APM)
connective
microsporogenesis
protein bands
Tapetum
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
69
73
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1539
1539
Geometrical Categories of Generalized Lie Groups and Lie Group-Groupoids
M. R. Farhangdoost
farhang@shirazu.ac.ir
1
T. Nasirzade
2
Department of Mathematics, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, P.O. Box 71457- 44776, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Mathematics, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, P.O. Box 71457- 44776, Shiraz, Iran
In this paper we construct the category of coverings of fundamental generalized Lie group-groupoid associated<br />with a connected generalized Lie group. We show that this category is equivalent to the category of coverings of a<br />connected generalized Lie group. In addition, we prove the category of coverings of generalized Lie groupgroupoid<br />and the category of actions of this generalized Lie group-groupoid on a connected generalized Lie group<br />are equivalent.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1539_d2b3b087ae633e4d8582ad88e3e085ed.pdf
Lie groupoid
Lie group
Generalized Lie group
Homotopy of topological groups
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
75
82
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1540
1540
4-Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (DBSA) as an efficient and recyclable catalyst for synthesis of 14-aryl- and 14-alkyl-14-H-dibenzo [a,j]xanthenes under solvent-free conditions
H. Hashemi
1
R. Sardarian
sardarian@susc.ac.ir
2
Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 75454, Iran
Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 75454, Iran
14-Aryl- and 14-alkyl-14-H-dibenzo [a,j]xanthenes are prepared from the reaction of aromatic- and aliphatic<br />aldehydes with β-naphthol in the presence of catalytic amounts of 4-dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid(DBSA) as a<br />surfactant-type Brønsted acid catalyst in toluene and under solvent-free conditions in excellent yields and short<br />reaction times. The catalyst was recovered and reused for five successive times without considerable loss in its<br />activity.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1540_48c23fbc33b67ab2bcfd59033e7f40d2.pdf
4-Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (DBSA)
β-Naphthol
Benzoxanthenes
Solvent-free
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
83
92
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1541
1541
Analytical approximate solutions of fractionel convection-diffusion equation with modified Riemann-Liouville derivative by means of fractional variational iteration method
M. Merdan
mmerdan@gumushane.edu.tr
1
Department of Mathematical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Gumushane University 29100, Gumushane, Turkey
In this article, an analytical approximate solution of nonlinear fractional convection-diffusion with modified<br />Riemann-Liouville derivative was obtained with the help of fractional variational iteration method (FVIM). A new<br />application of fractional variational iteration method (FVIM) was extended to derive analytical solutions in the<br />form of a series for this equation. It is indicated that the solutions obtained by the FVIM are reliable and an<br />effective method for strongly nonlinear partial equations with modified Riemann-Liouville derivative.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1541_68cbfc71d1d42e09a2ed01df92adea29.pdf
Fractional variational iteration method
fractional convection-diffusion equation
Riemann-Liouville
derivative
eng
Springer
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology (Sciences)
1028-6276
1028-6276
2013-03-01
37
1
93
97
10.22099/ijsts.2013.1542
1542
Heteroalkyl oxime derivative can cause damage to bacterial DNA
K. Abdolahi
1
S. Mohsenzadeh
mohsenzadeh@susc.ac.ir
2
H. Mohabatkar
3
Z. Faghih
4
A. Khalafi-Nezhad
5
Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454, Iran
Department of Biology, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71454, Iran
Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Sciences and Technologies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
The present study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of a hetroalkyl oximec synthetic compound<br />derivative (Benzophenone O-4-bromoethyl oxime) against two gram positive and three gram negative bacteria.<br />The antibacterial characteristic of this compound was shown using the circular zone diameter of bacterial growth<br />inhibition by disk-diffusion method. In addition, the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique<br />using twenty-three primers was performed to investigate the DNA polymorphism of bacteria that were affected by<br />the synthetic chemical drug. Among these, only 18 primers were found efficient for reproducible banding pattern.<br />Disappearance or appearance of bands between controls and treatments confirm rearrangements and DNA<br />damages in the priming binding sites of bacterial genome. The results show that the RAPD method can be a useful<br />identification tool for studying the DNA polymorphism created by synthetic chemical drugs. The results obtained<br />with this technique showed significant differences between the RAPD profiles.
http://ijsts.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1542_4b227803b2f363c329969efe10bcdc07.pdf
Antibacterial
DNA polymorphism
RAPD
synthetic drug